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Duitse aanvaller

De Duitse jager die de B17 in Lummen neerhaalde was een Fw190 bestuurd door Karl Borris van het I/26JG.

Het was een frontale aanval waardoor de voorzijde van de B17 getroffen werd en bijna onmiddellijk de piloot, co-piloot en bommenrichter ombrachten.

Borris was gestationeerd in Woensdrecht. Hij behoorde zelfs tot de "azen" van de Duitse Luftwaffe!

 

                                                      

jg26-d9.large.jpg
fw190-wevelgem.large.jpg

 

 

PERSONALIA

 

Name: 

Borris, Karl (LW-Flieger)

Date of birth: 

January 3rd, 1916 (Heinsdorf/Brandenburg/Prussia, Germany)

Date of death: 

August 18th, 1981 (Bornum/Saxony-Anhalt, Germany)

Nationality: 

German

 

BIOGRAPHY: 
Karl Borris joined the 26.Jagdgeschwader as a Leutnant in December 1939. He would stay with this unit until the end
of the war.
When the fighting’s on the  Westfront started, he was placed with the V.Gruppe.
The slightly inexperienced Leutnant was shot down by RAF Boulton Paul Defiant fighters on May 13th 1940 near the
Dutch coast.
He bailed out of his damaged Messerschmitt Bf 109 E-3 near Dordrecht and managed to reach his unit within four
days.
He claimed his fist aerial victories on June 1st and 2nd, by shooting down two Supermarine Spitfires during the
British evacuation at Dunkirk.

During the Battle of Britain he managed to shoot down several enemy planes;
13.08.1940: Shot down two Hurricanes in the Maidstone-Detling area.
06.09.1940: Shot down a Hurricane over Folkestone.
25.10.1940: Shot down a Spitfire over Maidstone.

He was appointed Technical Officer with the II.Gruppe in March 1941 and was called to the Reichs Luftfahrt
Ministerium (RLM) training centre at Rechlin to test the first 6 new Focke Wulff Fw 190A-0 pre-production planes.
The group of over 30 selected men was transformed to the Testgruppe 190.   Here he made the next victims; 

09.08.1941: Shot down a Spitfire over Campagne.
20.09.1941: Shot down a Spitfire over Mardyck.
21.09.1941: Shot down a Spitfire over Etaples.

Karl Borris was appointed commander of the VIII.Gruppe/26.Jagdgeschwader as an Oberleutnant on November 10th
1941.
In this command he shot down  the next planes;
13.03.1942: Shot down a Spitfire.
04.04.1942: Shot down a Spitfire over the Pas de Calais and another north of Sangatte.
15.04.1942: Shot down a Spitfire east of Cap Gris Nez.
17.04.1942: Shot down a Spitfire over the English Channel.
24.04.1942: Shot down a Spitfire northwest of Ostend.
28.04.1942: Shot down two Spitfires south of Gravelines.
17.05.1942: Shot down a Spitfire northwest of Sangatte.
01.06.1942: Shot down a Spitfire north of La Panne.
30.07.1942: Shot down a Spitfire.
19.08.1942: Shot down a Spitfire over Dieppe.
03.02.1943: Shot down a Spitfire north of Poperinghe and another over
Poperinghe-Bergues.
07.02.1943: Shot down a Typhoon over Staden.
04.04.1943: Shot down a B-17 in the Rouen-Dieppe area.
13.05.1943: Shot down a Spitfire over St Pol.

On May 14th 1943 his Focke Wulff Fw 190 A-5 190A-5 (W.Nr. 7326) “Schwarze 19” was hit by enemy fire from B-17
bombers he attacked over Wevelgem He bailed out but his parachute partially failed. When touching the ground he
broke several bones and had to stay in hospital for quite some time.
As Hauptmann he was appointed Commander of I.Gruppe/26.Jagdgeschwader on June 23rd 1943. In this role he;
25.07.1943: Shot down two Spitfires north of Ghent.
17.08.1943: Shot down a B-17 east of Diest.
19.09.1943: Shot down a Spitfire east of Ipswich.
07.01.1944: Shot down a P-47 southwest of Cousolre.
11.01.1944: Shot down a B-17 in the Nordhorn-Zuider Zee area.
29.01.1944: Shot down a B-17 east of Bonn.
08.02.1944: Shot down a P-47 over Hirson-Thiérache.
24.02.1944: Shot down a P-47 north of Rheine.
06.03.1944: Shot down a P-47 southwest of Oldenburgh.
08.03.1944: Shot down a Spitfire east of Utrecht.

In April 1944 he was promoted to Major and continued his duty with shooting down a Spitfire on April 19th 1944
to the Northeast of Mechelen. 
From May 15th until July 1944 he was transferred for special duty’s and shot down a P-47 to the West of Paris.                                                 He resumed command with I.Gruppe on August 1st 1944 and recommenced his victories with;
26.08.1944: Shot down a Spitfire over Rouen.
16.09.1944: Shot down a P-38 over Bonn.
23.09.1944: Shot down a P-51 over Wesel.
05.12.1944: Shot down a B-17 west of Lingen.
14.01.1945: Shot down a Spitfire over Ibbenbüren.

 

 

 

 

 

EISERNES KREUZ 2. KLASSE

Awarded on:

September 7th, 1940

 

 

 

 

 

 

EISERNES KREUZ 1. KLASSE

Awarded on:

September 5th, 1941

 

 

 

 

 

 

LUFTWAFFE EHRENPOKALE FÜR BESONDERE LEISTUNGEN IM LUFTKRIEG

Rank:

Oberleutnant (1st Lieutenant)

Unit:

Staffelkapitän 8. / Jagdgeschwader 26

Awarded on:

May 25th, 1942

Details:

Date of publication in Ehrenliste der Luftwaffe is 25th May 1942.

 

 

 

 

 

 

DEUTSCHES KREUZ IN GOLD

Rank:

Oberleutnant (Flying Officer)

Unit:

8. / Jagdgeschwader 26

Awarded on:

September 8th, 1942

Action:

For his 41st Aerial victory.

 

 

 

 

 

 

RITTERKREUZ DES EISERNEN KREUZES

Rank:

Major (Squadron Leader)

Unit:

Kommandeur I. / Jagdgeschwader "Schlageter"

Awarded on:

November 25th, 1944

Details:

Submitted on November 11th 1944.

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 
 

Karl Borris was assigned to JG 26 in December 1939 and took part in the invasion of the Low-Countries and of France. Borris had a shaky start to his career as he was shot down on the 13 th May 1940 by a RAF Defiant before claiming his first victory. Not letting this deter him, he was back flying 4 days after and later was involved in fighter support over the evacuation of Dunkirk in June 1940. This is where Karl Borris claimed his first victory which was a RAF Spitfire. With another victory the next day, Karl Borris flew into the Battle of Britain in July 1940 as an ‘experienced' pilot with 2 recorded ‘kills'. During the Battle of Britain, Karl Borris recorded another 4 victories which included 3 Hurricanes and a Spitfire.

His next victory was to come over a year later in August 1941. This is because Karl Borris, as Technical Officer of JG 26, in late 1940, was selected as part of a specialised group to attend the German Luftwaffe testing facility in Rechlin. Here they were to test the new Focke Wulf Fw 190 A-0 fighter under the squadron name of Erprobungsstaffel 190 (Experimental Squadron 190 – Ekdo 190).

Initially with only 6 pre-production Fw 190A-0 fighters, this unit went onto test the new fighter (many variants) in comparison to the established Me109F2, which was the standard fighter at that time. The tests showed a superior Focke Wulf in speed, roll rate, firepower, high-speed handling, dive, range and turning rate in low to medium altitudes. The unit made over 50 modifications to the original plane before the Luftwaffe HQ would accept it as ‘safe' for combat. However the real test was to be in combat. How would they stand up against the allied counterparts? Karl Borris was transferred back to JG 26 before getting to see the new planes of Ekdo 190 in combat for the first time. However the new plane was successful in combat when it came across a Squadron of Spitfires over Belgium on the 6 th September 1941. Erprobungsstaffel 190 Fw190's shot down 3 Spitfire Mk V with no loss. The unit had proven its worth.

In November 1941, Karl Borris was appointed Staffelkapitän of 8./JG 26 after scoring another two victories with a total of 9 by the end of 1941. For the first half of 1942, Oberleutnant Borris scored another 11 victories all of them against RAF Spitfires. These successes were partly due to the superiority of the Fw 190s which now most of JG 26 flew. With the allied invasion of Dieppe on the 19 th August 1942, Karl Borris flew off from Wevelghem with his Gruppe led by Josef Priller. Their mission was a success with the Luftwaffe claiming 96 victories for the day. Oberleutnant Borris' Staffel returned home with no causalities and the squadron tally up by two; Karl Borris claiming his 21 st victory - another RAF Spitfire.

Starting 1943 with another 2 Spitfires and a Typhoon under his belt, Oberleutnant Borris claimed his first 4-engine bomber; a USAAF B-17 on the 14th May 1943. However he was hit by return fire and forced to bail out. Unfortunately for him his parachute only partially opened and Karl Borris suffered numerous broken bones on impact necessitating a lengthy stay in hospital. On his return he was promoted to Hauptmann and give command of I./JG 26. Promoted to Major in May 1944, Borris was involved in defence of the West bringing his total to 40 by the time Operation ‘Market Garden’ had started.

During Operation ‘Market Garden’, Karl Borris and I./JG26 where involved in incepting allied aircraft around the various drop zones. His Gruppe had the most success on the 21st September 1944 when they destroyed 17 Dakotas and 1 fighter over the Arnhem drop zone. Two days later Major Karl Borris shot down a P-51 Mustang of the 339 Fighter Group, USAAF. He was awarded the Knight’s Cross on the 25th November 1944 for 41 victories.

Major Karl Borris spent the last months of the war on the Defence of Germany scoring his last 2 victories. He ended the war in Flensburg by flying away from most certain Russian captivity and surrendering to the British Forces. His total victories amount to 43 by wars end which included 5 four-engine bombers and a total of 28 Spitfires.

http://www.defendingarnhem.com/borris.htm

http://www.ww2awards.com/person/22148#top

 

Karl Borris was born on 3 March 1916 at Heinsdorf in the Juterborg region of Mark Brandenburg. Leutnant Borris joined JG 26 in December 1939 and served with the unit until V-E Day. Leutnant Borris was initially assigned to 5./JG 26. Borris saw combat during the invasion of the low-countries and France. On 13 May 1940, RAF Defiant fighters shot him down over the Dutch coast. Borris baled out of his stricken Bf 109 E-3 near Dordrecht. He managed to return to his unit on 17 May 1940. Borris claimed his first victories during the British Army’s evacuation at Dunkirk in early June 1940. Borris paticipated in the Battle of Britain. By the end of 1940, he had recorded six victories. In March 1941, Borris was serving as Technischer Offizier of II./JG 26 and was ordered to report to the Reichsluftfahrtministerium’s test centre at Rechlin with some 30 selected technicians. Awaiting them there were six pre-production Focke Wulf Fw 190 A-0 fighters. This little force was christened Eprobungstaffel 190. They did much to ensure the Fw 190’s acceptance into service. On 10 November 1941, Oberleutnant Borris was appointed Staffelkapitän of 8./JG 26. By the end of 1941 his victory total had reached nine. He continued to add to his tally during 1942 to reach 21 victories by the end of the year. On 14 May 1943, he was hit by return fire from USAAF B-17 four-engine bombers he was attacking over Wevelgem. He baled out of his Fw 190 A-5 (W.Nr. 7326) “Black 19” but his parachute partially collapsed. He suffered numerous broken bones on landing necessitating a lengthy stay in hospital. Hauptmann Borris became Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 26 on 23 June 1943. He was promoted to the rank of Major early in April 1944. On 15 May, Borris left JG 26 for two and one-half months. He returned in early July but did not immediately reclaim command of I./JG 26. On 1 August, Major Borris resumed command of I./JG 26. He was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 25 November for 41 victories. Borris ended the war based at Flensburg and surrendered to the British forces.
Borris died on 18 August 1981 at Bornum in the Wölfenbuttel region.
    Karl Borris is credited with 43 victories in the West. Included in his victory total are five four-engine bombers and 28 Spitfires.
 

No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
Location
Comments
1
1.6.1940
12:42
Spitfire 5./JG 26 NW Dunkirk -
2
2.6.1940
9:10
Spitfire 5./JG 26 Dunkirk Spitfire of 66, 266 or 611 Sqn, RAF
3
13.8.1940
17:05
Hurricane 5./JG 26 Maidstone-Detling Hurricane of 56 Sqn, RAF
4
13.8.1940
17:07
Hurricane 5./JG 26 Maidstone-Detling Hurricane of 56 Sqn, RAF
5
6.9.1940
9:55
Hurricane  4./JG 26 Folkestone Hurricane of 501 Sqn, RAF
6
25.10.1940
11:04
Spitfire 4./JG 26 Maidstone Spitfire of 603 Sqn, RAF
7
9.8.1941
18:30
Spitfire 6./JG 26 Campagne Spitfire of 403 Sqn, RAF
8
20.9.1941
16:57
Spitfire 6./JG 26 Mardyck -
9
21.9.1941
16:30
Spitfire 6./JG 26 Etaples Spitfire of 315 Sqn RAF
10
13.3.1942
16:09
Spitfire 8./JG 26 - Spitfire of 602 Sqn, RAF
11
4.4.1942
11:40
Spitfire 8./JG 26 Pas de Calais -
12
4.4.1942
11:46
Spitfire 8./JG 26 3km N Sangatte -
13
15.4.1942
19:04
Spitfire 8./JG 26 E Cap Gris Nez Spitfire of 222 Sqn, RAF
14
17.4.1942
16:14
Spitfire 8./JG 26 Channel Spitfire of 121 Sqn, RAF
15
24.4.1942
14:50
Spitfire 8./JG 26 75km WNW Ostend Spitfire of 122 Sqn, RAF
16
28.4.1942
11:34
Spitfire 8./JG 26 S Gravelines Spitfire of 121, 222 or 317 Sqn, RAF
17
28.4.1942
11:59
Spitfire 8./JG 26 - Spitfire of 401 Sqn, RAF
18
17.5.1942
11:50
Spitfire 8./JG 26 6km NW Sangatte Spitfire of 64 or 122 Sqn, RAF
19
1.6.1942
13:58
Spitfire 8./JG 26 8km N La Panne Spitfire of 71 or 350 Sqn, RAF
20
30.7.1942
19:20
Spitfire 8./JG 26 - -
21
19.8.1942
10:15
Spitfire 8./JG 26 Dieppe Spitfire of 19 or 121 Sqn, RAF
22
3.2.1943
15:21
Spitfire 8./JG 26 N Poperinghe Spitfire of 416 Sqn, RAF
23
3.2.1943
15:22
Spitfire 8./JG 26 Poperinghe-Bergues Spitfire of 416 Sqn, RAF
24
7.2.1943
14:46
Typhoon 8./JG 26 Staden Typhoon of 609 Sqn, RAF flown by F/L P Nankivell, killed
25
4.4.1943
14:40
B-17 8./JG 26 Rouen-Dieppe B-17 of 303 or 305 BG, USAAF
26
13.5.1943
16:45
Spitfire 8./JG 26 St. Pol -
27
25.7.1943
15:04
Spitfire I./JG 26 N Ghent Spitfire of 165 Sqn, RAF
28
25.7.1943
15:09
Spitfire I./JG 26 N Ghent Spitfire of 165 Sqn, RAF
29
17.8.1943
11:30
B-17 I./JG 26 10km E Deest B-17 (42-30389) “Dear Mom” of 331 BS, 94 BG, USAAF flown by Lt Bernard W Nayovitz, 6 killed, 4 POW
30
19.9.1943
12:52
Spitfire I./JG 26 E Ipswich Spitfire of 91 Sqn, RAF
31
7.1.1944
12:30~
P-47 I./JG 26 SW Cousolre P-47 of 358FG USAAF
32
11.1.1944
13:00
B-17 I./JG 26 Nordhorn-Zuider Zee B-17 of 306 BG, USAAF
33
29.1.1944
11:40~
B-17 I./JG 26 E Bonn -
34
8.2.1944
11:15
P-47 I./JG 26 Hirson-Thiérache  P-47 of 352 FG, USAAF
35
24.2.1944
13:05
P-47 I./JG 26 N Rheine P-47 of 56 FG, USAAF
-
6.3.1944
14:35
P-47 I./JG 26 SW Oldenburgh P-47 of 356 FG, USAAF
36
8.3.1944
16:50
Spitfire I./JG 26 E Utrecht Spitfire of 332 Sqn, RAF
37
19.4.1944
19:05
Spitfire I./JG 26 ENE Mechelen Spitfire of 310 or 312 Sqn, RAF
38
14.7.1944
14:36
P-47 I./JG 26 W Paris P-47 of 358 FG, USAAF
39
26.8.1944
9:32
Spitfire I./JG 26 Rouen Spitfire of 602 Sqn, RAF
40
16.9.1944
17:40
P-38 I./JG 26 Bonn P-38 of 370 FG, USAAF
41
23.9.1944
17:09
P-51 I./JG 26 Wesel P-51 of 339 FG, USAAF
42
5.12.1944
13:35
B-17 I./JG 26 W Lingen B-17 of 452 BG, USAAF
43
14.1.1945
15:45
Spitfire I./JG 26 Ibbenbüren Spitfire of 331 or 332 Sqn, RAF

Victories : 43
Awards : Ehrenpokal (25 May 1942)
                Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (8 September 1942)
                Ritterkreuz (25 November 1944)
Units :JG 26

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